Auslan is short for Australian Sign Language. Sign language is a visual type of communication that uses hand, arm and body movements to express meaning. Uniquely Australia, Auslan was recognised by the Australian Government as an official language in 1991.
Auslan’s long history
Auslan has a long history in Australia. It wasn’t invented by any one person but instead has grown and developed via the community and in response to those who use it. However, it’s origins can be traced to sign languages brought to Australia in the 19th century. Auslan evolved from early forms of British Sign Language used in the 1800s. Irish Sign Language also had some influence on the development of Auslan. Today, nearly 20,000 people use Auslan every day. And the language has developed some uniquely Australian characteristics.
Sign language possesses the same kind of complexity as spoken language and can convey and express nuance and subtlety. However, Auslan is not just English using signs but its own unique visual language. In fact, Auslan uses a variety of elements to convey meaning. From the handshapes—there are 38 major hand shapes with 28 variants—to the location of the signs in relation to the body, head, arm and hand movements, the orientation of the sign and facial expression.
There are many ways you can learn Auslan. Some community organisations offer classes, check locally. Many further education or TAFE institutions also offer opportunities to learn Auslan.
For more information, you can contact the following organisations:
Expression Australia formally Victorian Deaf Society:
- Tel. (03) 9473 1111
- TTY: (03) 9473 1199
- Tel. (03) 9473 1186 (Sign Language Co-ordinator)
- W: https://www.expression.com.au/
- Sydney Office Tel. (02) 9871 8400 (TTY only)
- Brisbane Office Tel. (07) 3357 8266 (TTY) or (07) 3357 8266 (Voice)
- W: https://deafaustralia.org.au/
Auslan Connections (Interpreting Service) Victoria:
- Tel. 1800 287 526 or (03) 9473 1117, (03) 9473 1143 (TTY only)
- W: https://www.expression.com.au/interpreting